What are the consequences of Stereotype Threat?

Stereotype threat produces numerous consequences, most of which are negative in nature. Many studies have replicated and extended the finding first reported by Steele and Aronson (1995) that invoking group memberships associated with stereotypes can harm performance on tasks where poor performance might confirm stereotypes. Subsequent work has broadened to examine performance on many different tasks and a variety of consequences. Here we review the major consequences of stereotype threat that have been identified in research to date.

Decreased Performance
 

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Internal Attributions for Failure

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Reactance

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Ironic Effects

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Self-Handicapping

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Task Discounting

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Distancing the self from the stereotyped group

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Disengagement and disidentification

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Altered professional identities and aspirations

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