Who is vulnerable to Stereotype Threat?

Since the publication of Steele and Aronson's (1995) study, researchers have identified risk factors that increase one’s vulnerability to stereotype threat—one's “stereotype vulnerability” (Aronson, 2002). Although these factors might be less influential than the situational factors, there are some chronic differences in individuals and groups that might increase susceptibility to stereotype threat.

Group Membership

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Domain Identification
 

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Group Identification
 

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Stigma Conciousness
 

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Internal Locus of Control/Proactive Personality
 

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Low Coping Sense of Humor
 

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Low Impression Management Motivation
 

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Low Self-Monitoring
 

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Low Education Level
 

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Stereotype Knowledge and Belief
 

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Status Concerns
 

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